THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WINNING AND LOSING IN SILAT 28TH 2015 SEA GAMES SINGAPORE (MALAYSIA MEN CLASS B, E, F AND H)


Shapie, M. N. (12) & Muhammad Zaki, R. (1)

Fakulti Sains Sukan dan Rekreasi, Universiti Teknologi Mara, 40450 Shah Alam, SelangorPertubuhan Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia



ABSTRACT

This review is to analysis game of silat olahraga among Malaysian Silat’s group at the Sea Game 2015. The analysis is based on the video that have been recorded during the match and use the video as reference. Three skill involved in Pencak Silat including hit target, hit somewhere else, and miss opponent. This is analysis the information among winning and losing.

INTRODUCTION

       The official name used to indicate more than 800 martial arts schools and styles spread across more than 13,000 islands in Indonesia called "martial arts". However, this is actually the name of a compound consisting of two terms that are used in different areas. The word "martial" and derivatives such dialectics as "Disabled" (Ontario) and "MANCAK" (Madura and Bali) is commonly used in Java, Madura and Bali, while the term "art" or "cold" is used in Sumatra.
            The ambition to unite all the different cultures Phrases In common parlance as part of Indonesian Independence and Unity states from colonial powers, first expressed in 1948 with the establishment of the Association of Indonesian Pencak Silat (Indonesian Pencak Silat Association IPSI). However, he only can free is in 1973 when representatives from schools and the different styles Finally Officially agreed TO USE "martial arts" in official discourse, even from SEGi origin is still widely used at the Local Level.
            Pencak silat is a special type of martial art fighting established in Malay culture, which extends crosswise over Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, the southern Philippines and Southern Thailand, and different sports where popular who talk in the Malay dialect and allude to a typical Malay family line can be found.
Pencak silat is additionally can be lesson for understudy to understudy to enhance their abilities. One of pencak silat course objectives is to enhance confident level. One of learning procedure is amusement approach which is it include energizing, fun, and propelling for understudies. It make inclusion of understudies in the class, bigger fervor to enhance and study new propelled aptitudes, and rousing the understudies to perform well in class.
            Motion of analysis for silat is punch, kick, block, topple, sweep, catch and dodge. Past review demonstrates that the movement profile during activity time. According to Shapie, Oliver, O'Donoghue, and Tong (2009), the nature of work periods inside any battle sports relies on upon the recurrence, volume and kind of the action being performed. The target of this review is to depict the abilities required between the champ and washout and in addition to decide the variable that impact the winner to win.
            Therefore, the objectives of this study are to describe the detail activity that occurs during the fight time of a silat match, especially the profile of technical events.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

            A publicly available video recording of one male silat match from national silat competition in Malaysia (National Sport Council, Malaysia) was used for the analysis. This was a male semi-final and final match of class F. Two pesilat is included from various group or nation. This match comprise of three rounds, which is two minutes for every round and one minute rest between each round.This notation involved various skills such as punch, kick, block, catch, topple and sweep. Usage of Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) to calculate the statistical analysis and result. The video is repeated at least two times so the data can be taken properly. The frequency was taken as data to be analysed.   
Motion categories
Silat exponent’s motions were coded into 14 different types of categories and were defined as follows:
Punch:
The punch ‘tumbuk’ attack is done by a hand with a closed fist hitting the target. In silat punching is often used to fight the opponent. It can be a straight punch ‘tumbuk lurus’ or uppercut ‘sauk’ to the exponent body’s.
Kick:
The kick ‘tendang / terajang’ is an attacking movement which is performed with one leg or two legs simultaneously. A kick can be aimed at any target. It can be front kick ‘ tendang depan’, side-kick ‘depak’ or semi-circular side kick ‘tendang lengkar’.
Block:
The blocking movements begin with the posture position ‘sikap pasang’: the exponent stands straight with his hands around his body or close to his chest. Blocking or parrying ‘tangkisan’ can be done using arms, elbows and legs with the purpose to block off or striking back at any attack.
Catch:
The catch ‘tangkapan’ is done by using the hand to ob struct the opponent from carrying out an attack. The silat exponent is able to prevent himself from being attacked by pointing the attack which he has caught to another direction. A catch which twists or drags the opponent is forbidden. Also, a catch which could break the part which is being held such as the leg and waist is also forbidden. These regulations exist to protect the silat exponent’s.
Topple:
There are various ways of toppling down one’s opponent. For example, a silat exponent ‘pesilat’ can either push, shove the opponent’s back leg from the bag or from the side, shove, hit, kick, strike or punch to make the opponent lose his balance. Every fall is considered valid as long as the silat exponent topples his opponent down without wrestling or he is able to overpower the opponent whom he has brought down.

Sweep:
Swiping ‘sapuan’ involves attacking an opponent’s leg which are on the ground to unstabilise him and bring down to the ground. A silat exponent can perform this attacking movement either with his right or left leg, Hence, front sweep ‘sapuan depan’ is done by swinging the leg to the front to push an opponent’s front leg, while back sweep ‘sapuan belakang’ is carried out by swinging the leg backward to hit the back leg.
Evade/Dodge:
The evade ‘elakan’ technique is carried out by silat exponent when he tries to evade an attack. This technique does not require the silat exponent to touch the opponent in fending off the attack. They are many ways of carrying out his defensive movement such as dodging ‘gelek’, retreat ‘mundur’, evasion to the side ‘elak sisi’, bending ‘elak serung’, jumping ‘lonjak’, ducking ‘susup’ and etc..
Self-Release:
Self-release ‘lepas tangkapan’ technique is a technique to unlock any clinch or catch from an opponent.
Block and Punch:
The blocking technique is used to block any hand or leg attack from the opponent and followed by counter attack using the hand to punch the opponent.
Block and Kick:
The blocking technique is used to block any hand or leg attack from the opponent and followed by counter attack using the leg to kick the opponent.
Block and Sweep:
The blocking technique is used to block any hand or leg attack from the opponent and followed by counter attack using sweeping technique to the opponent.
Fake Punch:
An action which a silat exponent intends to confuse the opponent using a fake punch to break his opponent’s defensive posture.
Fake Kick:
An action which a silat exponent intends to confuse the opponent using a fake kick to break his opponent defensive posture.
Others:
Both silat exponents are either in posture position ‘sikap pasang’ or coming close to each other using silat step pattern ‘pola langkah’.
All the activities are considered high intensity except for others which at that time both silat exponents are in low intensity periods.









STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND RESULT

  1. Men’s Class B Final Thailand versus Malaysia(Malaysia Win)
Action
Outcome
Hit elsewhere
Hit target
Miss target
Total
Block
3
4

7
Block and kick


4
4
Block and punch


5
5
Block and sweep
2
3

5
Kick
25
19
31
75
Fake kick
2


2
Punch
10
9
21
40
Fake punch

3

3
Self-release




Topple


10
10
Sweep

1
9
10
Catch

3
4
7
Dodge


3
3
Other




Total
42
42
87
171

TABLE 1

Hit Target
Hit Elsewhere
Miss Target
Total
Malaysia
42
42
87
171
Thailand
28
32
68
128


Group Statistics

group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
score
malaysia
3
57.0000
25.98076
15.00000
thailand
3
42.6667
22.03028
12.71919



  1. Men’s Class E Final Vietnam versus Malaysia (Malaysia win)
Action
Outcome
Hit elsewhere
Hit target
Miss target
Total
Block
4
3
4
11
Block and kick


5
5
Block and punch


3
3
Block and sweep
2
2

4
Kick
27
12
31
70
Fake kick




Punch
10
8
20
38
Fake punch

2

2
Self-release




Topple


10
10
Sweep

1
9
10
Catch

3
2
5
Dodge


3
3
Other




Total
43
31
87
161

TABLE 2

Hit Target
Hit Elsewhere
Miss Target
Total
Malaysia
31
43
87
161
Vietnam
28
45
76
149


Group Statistics

group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
score
malaysia
3
53.6667
29.48446
17.02286
vietnam
3
49.6667
24.33790
14.05149




  1. Men’s Class F Semi-Final Singapore versus Malaysia (Malaysia lost)
Action
Outcome
Hit elsewhere
Hit target
Miss opponent
Total
Block
2
12

14
Block and kick
1
1
1
3
Block and punch
3
2

5
Block and sweep




Kick
14
13
8
35
Fake kick




Punch
10
23
13
46
Fake punch




Self-release
1


1
Topple



3
Sweep




Catch
4
4
2
10
Dodge




Other




Total
35
55
24
117

TABLE 3

Hit Target
Hit Elsewhere
Miss Target
Total
Malaysia
56
45
47
148
Singapore
39
50
43
132


Group Statistics

group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
score
malaysia
3
56.0000
11.00000
6.35085
singapore
3
44.0000
5.56776
3.21455



  1. Men’s Class H Final Indonesia versus Malaysia (Malaysia lost)
Action
Outcome
Hit elsewhere
Hit target
Miss target
Total
Block
1
2
4
7
Block and kick
3

3
6
Block and punch

2
2
4
Block and sweep


5
5
Kick
27
16
31
74
Fake kick




Punch
13
7
25
45
Fake punch




Self-release


2
2
Topple
1
1
3
5
Sweep
1
1

2
Catch

1
1
2
Dodge




Other




Total
46
39
76
152

TABLE 4

Hit Target
Hit Elsewhere
Miss Target
Total
Malaysia
39
50
76
165
Indonesia
45
55
61
161


Group Statistics

group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
score
malaysia
3
55.0000
19.00000
10.96966
indonesia
3
53.6667
8.08290
4.66667




DISCUSSION

The table show that the game of silat in sea game. There are have 4 type of classes that have analyse in this sea game. Table 1 show that the game of Malaysia verses Thailand. In this game, both of the country have their own strength and weakness. Event thought, Malaysia good in attacking to opponent that have 42 hit target to the opponent and Thailand only 28 hit the target but Thailand give more pressure to Malaysia. Malaysia more aggressive than Thailand that give Malaysia more attacking and won this game.
            The second table showed that the game between Malaysia verses Vietnam in final class E. In this game, hit target for Vietnam just less 3 point with Malaysia and attack more often than Malaysia with miss target 87 bigger than Malaysia. Malaysia won this game with accurate target.
            Third table showed that, the game of silat Malaysia with Singapore in semi-final in class F. In this game, Malaysia attack their opponent more than Singapore that total hit is 148 than Singapore that 132. Singapore have their own strength that can bit Malaysia and there was win in this game.
            Lastly, table four show that the game in class H that Malaysia verses Indonesia in final game. In this game, Malaysia was good in hitting the opponent but the hit is not too accurate to the opponent. Indonesia have few hit that just 161 hit but more accurate than Malaysia .in this game, Malaysia was lost because low in hit target.

CONCLUSION

            In conclusion, Malaysia’s team have good player and give great fight to opponent. Malaysia also can fight and win in many game with improving their skill and hit target or the accuracy in hitting. All athlete’s Malaysia need more practice and reduce their simple mistake that they did in privies game. Base on the data, athlete Malaysia give more attacking to opponent than other country.





RECOMMENDATION

As we know that occasionally, individuals commit errors and people are not perfect but rather we can practice to be the best. Silat athletes should practice more on their target and technique to improve their performance especially on catch, dodge, punch, kick, sweep, and topple. After that, silat is a martial art, we should prepare longer to improve the technique and the most important thing is the strength of the athlete so they can't sweep or topple. Besides, video investigation can be recognize the athlete weakness.





















REFERENCE

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       3.      Farrer, D. S. (2009). The Guru Silat. Shadows of the Prophet, 175-198. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-9356-2_5
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7.      Widiastuti, W. (2014). Using game approach in improving learning outcomes of pencak silat. Asian Social Science, 10(5), 168.
8.      Abidin, N. Z., & Adam, M. B. (2013). Prediction of vertical jump height from anthropometric factors in male and female martial arts athletes. The Malaysian journal of medical sciences: MJMS, 20(1), 39.
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  1. Shapie, M. N. M., Oliver, J., O’Donoghue, P., & Tong, R. (2014). Fitness characteristics of youth silat performers. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 1, 147-155.
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